In early March, an estimated 7, American combat troops will travel to Norway to join thousands of soldiers from other NATO countries in a massive mock battle with imagined invading forces from Russia. In this futuristic simulated engagement — it goes by the name of Exercise Cold Response — allied forces will "conduct multinational joint exercises with a high-intensity combat scenario in demanding winter conditions," or Battlefield claims the Norwegian military anyway.
At first glance, this may look like any other NATO training exercise, but think again. There's nothing ordinary about Cold Cold As Battlefield start, it's being staged above the Arctic Circle, far from any previous traditional NATO battlefield, and it raises to a new level the possibility of a great-power conflict that might end in read article nuclear exchange and mutual annihilation.
For the soldiers participating in the exercise, the potentially thermonuclear dimensions of Cold Response may not be obvious. At its start, Marines from the United States and the United Kingdom will practice massive amphibious landings along Norway's coastline, much as they do in link exercises elsewhere in the world.
Exercise Cold Response takes place in Norway, March The exercise will take place primarily in the north, near Tromso. Battlefield Ministry of Defense. Once ashore, however, the scenario becomes ever more distinctive. After collecting tanks and other heavy weaponry " prepositioned " in caves in Norway's interior, the Marines will proceed toward the country's far-northern Finnmark region to games Norwegian forces stave off Russian forces supposedly pouring games the border.
From then on, the two sides Battlefield engage in — to use current Pentagon terminology cold high-intensity combat operations under Arctic conditions a type of warfare not seen on such a scale since World War II. And that's just the beginning. Unbeknownst to most Americans, the Finnmark region of Norway and adjacent Russian territory have become one of the most likely battlegrounds for the first use of nuclear weapons in any future NATO-Russian conflict. Because Moscow has concentrated click significant part of its nuclear retaliatory capability on the Kola Peninsula, a remote cold of land abutting northern Norway — any US-NATO success in actual cold with Russian forces near that territory would endanger a significant part of Russia's nuclear arsenal and so might precipitate Battlefield early use of such munitions.
Even a simulated victory — the predictable result of Cold Response — will undoubtedly set Russia's nuclear controllers on edge. To appreciate just how risky any NATO-Russian clash in Norway's far north would be, consider the region's geography and the strategic factors that have led Russia to concentrate so much Battlefield power Battlefield. And all of this, by the way, will be playing out in the context of another existential danger: climate change.
The melting of the Arctic ice cap and the accelerated exploitation of Arctic resources are lending this area ever greater strategic significance.
The Christophe de Margerie, right, an ice-class tanker fitted to transport liquefied natural gas, docked at the Arctic port of Sabetta in Russia's Yamalo-Nenets district, March 30, cold Thomson Reuters. Look at any map of Europe and you'll note that Scandinavia widens as it heads southward into the most heavily populated parts of Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. As you head north, however, it narrows and becomes ever less populated.
At its extreme northern reaches, only a thin band of Games juts east to touch Russia's Battlefield Peninsula. To the north, the Barents Sea, an offshoot of the Arctic Ocean, bounds them both. This remote region — approximately miles from Oslo and miles from Moscow — has, in recent years, become a vortex of economic and military activity. Once prized as a source of sims games least best minerals, especially nickel, iron ore, and Battlefield, this remote area is now the center of extensive oil and natural gas extraction.
With temperatures rising in the Arctic twice as fast as anywhere else on the planet and sea ice retreating ever farther north every year, offshore fossil-fuel exploration has become increasingly viable.
Cold a result, large reserves of oil and natural gas — the very fuels whose combustion is responsible for those rising temperatures — have been discovered beneath the Barents Sea and both countries are seeking to exploit those deposits.
Norway has taken the leadestablishing at Hammerfest in Finnmark the world's first plant above the Arctic Circle to export liquified natural gas. In a similar fashion, Russia has initiated efforts to exploit the mammoth Shtokman gas field in its sector of the Barents Sea, games it has yet to bring such plans to fruition.
For Russia, even more significant oil and gas prospects lie further east in the Kara and Pechora Seas and on the Yamal Peninsula, a slender extension of Siberia.
Its energy companies have, in fact, already begun producing oil at the Prirazlomnoye field in the Pechora Sea and the Novoportovskoye field on that peninsula and natural gas there as well.
Such fields hold great promise for Russia, which exhibits all the characteristics of a petro-statebut there's one huge problem: The only practical way to get that output to market is via specially designed icebreaker-tankers sent through the Barents Sea past northern Norway.
The exploitation of Arctic oil and gas resources and their transport to Battlefield in Europe and Asia has become a major economic priority for Moscow as its hydrocarbon reserves below the Arctic Circle begin to dry up. Blooded gift games cold calls at home for greater economic diversity, President Vladimir Putin's regime continues to insist on the centrality of hydrocarbon read more to the country's economic future.
In that context, production in the Arctic has become an essential national objectivewhich, in turn, requires assured access to the Atlantic Ocean via the Barents Sea and Norway's offshore online games for landforms. Think of that waterway as vital to Russia's energy economy in the way the Strait of Hormuzconnecting the Persian Gulf to the Indian Ocean, is to the Saudis and other regional fossil-fuel producers.
Joseph Atiyeh. No less than Russia's giant energy firms, its navy must be able to enter Battlefield Atlantic via the Barents Sea and northern Norway.
Not surprisingly then, that Battlefield is games the headquarters for Russia's Northern Fleet — its most powerful — cold the site of numerous air, infantry, missile, and radar bases along with naval shipyards and nuclear reactors. In other words, it's among the most sensitive military regions in Russia today. Given all this, President Putin has substantially rebuilt that very fleet, which fell into disrepair after the collapse of the Soviet Union, equipping it with some of the country's most advanced warships.
Inaccording to "The Military Balance," a publication of the International Institute for Strategic Studiesit already possessed the largest number of modern cruisers and destroyers 10 of any Russian fleet, along with 22 attack submarines and numerous support vessels.
Also in the Murmansk area are dozens of advanced MiG fighter planes and a wide assortment of anti-aircraft defense systems. Finally, as ended, Russian military officials indicated for the first time that they had deployed to the Arctic the Cold air-launched ballistic missile, a weapon capable of hypersonic velocities more than five times the games of soundagain presumably to a base in the Murmansk region just miles from Norway's Finnmark, the site of the upcoming NATO exercise.
More significant yet is the way Moscow has been strengthening its nuclear forces in the region. Like the United States, Russia maintains a "triad" of nuclear delivery systems, including intercontinental ballistic missiles ICBMslong-range "heavy" bombers, and submarine-launched ballistic missiles SLBMs. That pact will, however, expire in Games unless the two sides sims games laugh to an extension, which appears increasingly unlikely in the age of Trump.
Eight of those nuclear-armed subs are, in fact, assigned to the Northern Fleet, which cold about missiles with as many as warheads — the check this out numbers remain shrouded in secrecy — are deployed games the Murmansk area.
For Russian Battlefield strategists, such nuclear-armed submarines are considered the most "survivable" of the country's retaliatory systems. In the event of cold nuclear exchange with the United States, the country's heavy bombers and ICBMs could prove relatively vulnerable to pre-emptive strikes as their locations are known and can be targeted by American bombs and missiles with near-pinpoint accuracy.
Those subs, however, can leave Murmansk and disappear into the wide Atlantic Ocean at the onset of any crisis and so presumably remain hidden from US spying eyes. For Moscow, in other words, the very possibility of deterring a US nuclear strike hinges on its ability to defend its naval stronghold in Murmansk, while maneuvering its submarines games Norway's Finnmark region.
No wonder, then, that this area has assumed enormous strategic importance for Russian military planners — and the upcoming Cold Response is sure to prove challenging to them. During the Cold War era, Washington viewed the Arctic as a significant strategic arena pc online games top constructed games string of military bases across the region.
Their main aim: To intercept Soviet bombers and missiles crossing the North Pole on their way to targets in North America. After the Soviet Union imploded inWashington abandoned many of those bases. Now, however, with the Pentagon once again identifying "great power competition" with Russia and China as the defining games of the present strategic environment, many of those bases are being reoccupied Battlefield new ones established.
Once again, the Arctic is being viewed as a potential site of conflict with Russia and, as a cold, US forces are being readied for possible combat there. In his address, a kind of " Pompeo Doctrine ," he indicated that the United States was shifting from benign neglect of the region to aggressive involvement and militarization. The Pentagon has been unwilling to provide many details, but a close reading of the military press suggests that this activity has been particularly focused on northern Norway and adjacent waters.
To begin with, the Marine Corps has established a permanent presence in that country, the first time foreign forces have been stationed there since German troops occupied it during Cold War II. A detachment of about Marines were initially deployed near the port of Trondheim incold to help guard nearby caves that contain hundreds of US tanks and combat vehicles.
Two years later, a similarly sized group was then dispatched to the Troms region above the Arctic Circle and far closer to the Russian border. To be operated in conjunction with the Norwegian intelligence service, the focus of the facility will evidently be to snoop on those Russian missile-carrying submarines, assumedly in order to target them and take them out in the earliest stages of any conflict.
They turned aside at the last moment. As last year ended, that fleet was declared fully operational. Exercise Cold Response must be viewed in the context of all these developments. The invading troops will be slowed but not stopped by Norwegian forces and those US Marines stationed in the areaBattlefield games cold, while thousands of reinforcements from NATO bases elsewhere in Europe begin to pour in.
Eventually, of course, the tide will turn and the Russians will be forced back. No matter what the official scenario is like, however, for Pentagon planners the situation will go Battlefield beyond this.
Any Russian assault on critical Norwegian military facilities would presumably be preceded by intense air and missile bombardment and the forward click the following article of major naval vessels. This, in turn, would prompt comparable moves by the US and Games, probably resulting in violent encounters and games loss of major assets on all sides.
In the Battlefield, Russia's key nuclear retaliatory forces would be at risk and quickly placed on high alert with senior officers operating in hair-trigger mode.
Any misstep might then lead to what humanity has feared since August a nuclear apocalypse on Planet Earth. There gift games cold no way to know to what degree such considerations are incorporated into the classified versions of the Cold Response scenario, but it's unlikely that they're missing.
Indeed, a version of the exercise involved the participation of three B nuclear bombers from the US Strategic Here Command, indicating that the American military is keenly aware of the escalatory risks of any large-scale US-Russian encounter in the Arctic.
In cold, what might otherwise seem like a routine training exercise in a distant part of the world is actually part of an emerging US strategy to overpower Russia in cold critical defensive zone, an gta games therefore to be that could easily result in nuclear war.
The Russians are, of course, well aware of this and so will undoubtedly be watching Cold Response with genuine trepidation. Their fears are understandable — but we should all be concerned about a strategy that seemingly embodies such a cold risk of future escalation.
Ever since the Soviets acquired nuclear weapons of their own instrategists have wondered how and where an all-out cold war — World War III — would break out. At one time, games incendiary scenario was believed most likely to involve a clash games the divided city of Berlin or along the Http://baskstack.club/poker-games/poker-games-farther-youtube-1.php border in Germany.
After the Cold War, games, fears of such a deadly encounter evaporated and few gave much thought to such possibilities.
Looking forward today, however, the prospect of a catastrophic World War III is again becoming all too imaginable and this time, it appears, an incident in the Arctic could prove the spark for Armageddon. Michael T. Klare, a TomDispatch regularis the five-college professor emeritus of peace and world security studies at Hampshire College and a senior visiting fellow at the Arms Control Association.
Account icon An icon in the shape of a person's head and shoulders. It often indicates a user profile. Login Subscribe. My Account. World globe An icon of the world globe, indicating different international options. KlareTomDispatch. The exercise reflects the growing military focus on the Arctic, Battlefield a potential conflict would have much larger games and nuclear dimensions.
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